Ophiocordyceps formosana (Kobayasi & Shimizu) Wang et al. in Wang et al., Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine (no. 189891): 4 (2015)
Index Fungorum Number – IF 811035; Facesoffungi Number: FoF 01796
Parasitic in larva of Coleoptera (Superfamily Tenebrionoidea), forming yellow to orange ascostromata. Sexual morph: Ascomycetous. Stromata 14 mm long, 2-5 mm wide, growing from the head and the tail of Coleoptera larva, simple or branched, yellow to orange, stipitate. Stipe 1.9–3.7 cm long, 2–4 cm wide, yellow, cylindrical, surface rough. Fertile head 30 mm long, 2–2.5 mm wide, orange, mostly elliptic barely branched, head-like, with orange, pseudoparenchymatous, epidermal tissues, surface mastoid, differentiated from stipe. Ascomata 453–546 × 265–298 μm (x̄ = 479 × 270, n = 30), completely immersed, orange, flask-shaped to oval, with the ostioles opening on the surface of the head. Peridium 26–38 μm wide (x̄ = 30, n = 60), comprising three layers. Asci 366–498× 8–11 μm (x̄ = 437 × 10, n = 60), 8-spored, hyaline, cylindrical, with apical cap, breaking into secondly ascospores. Secondary ascospores 2–6 × 1–3 μm (x̄ = 4 × 2, n = 60), hyaline, cylindrical. Asexual morph: Undetermined. (Adopted from Li et al. 2016)
Known hosts and distribution: on dead larva of Tenebrionoidea (China) (Li et al. 2016)
Moelecular data: MFLU 15-3888 (SSU = KU854951, RPB1 = KU854947, TEF = KU854949). Phylogenetic tree: see entry (Ophiocordyceps karstii) (Li et al. 2016)
Ophiocordyceps formosana (Material examined – CHINA. Province of Hunan, on dead larva of Tenebrionoidea, 23 October 2014, Ping Zhang, ZP8282 (MFLU 15–3888)). a Stromata appearing from the tree b Yellow, superficial stroma appearing from host head c Overview of the stromata and the host d, f Apical part of the stroma e Vertical section of stroma g Cross section showing the complete perithecia h–j Asci at immature and mature stages k Entire ascospore l, m Asci with apical cap n, o Secondly ascospores. Scale bars: d = 1000 μm, e, f = 200 μm, g = 100 μm, h, k = 20 μm, i, j = 50 μm, l–o =5 μm. (Adopted from Li et al. 2016)
Li GJ, Hyde KD, Zhao RL, Hongsanan S, Abdel-Aziz FA, Abdel-Wahab MA et al. 2016 – Fungal diversity notes 253–366: taxonomic and phylogenetic contributions to fungal taxa. Fungal diversity 78(1), 1–237.